I received my B.A. in psychology from Stanford University and my Ph.D. in clinical psychology from UCLA.
During graduate school, I was trained primarily in cognitive-behavioral work and sought additional training at the Gestalt Therapy Institute of Los Angeles (GTILA), eventually becoming President.
I received training in hypnosis from Jean Holroyd and Michael Diamond at UCLA’s Neuropsychiatric Institute, plus studied guided imagery with Muriel Fuller.
I pursued analytic self-psychology from Lynne Jacobs.
For over a decade, I have been studying interpersonal neurobiology and regulation theory with Allan Schore. I have taught developmental neurobiology at the Santa Barbara Graduate Institute and at Reiss Davis Child Studies Center.